Stablecoins: Definition, How They Work, and Types

After the emergence of Bitcoin (BTC), there has been a high continuous increase in the volatility in cryptocurrency. This led to a demand for a currency that is less volatile. The worth of various cryptocurrencies has fluctuated fairly dramatically, leading to the label “unstable.” Due to this, bitcoin investors have experienced quick wealth and also an immediate investment loss.

However, the truth is cryptocurrencies don’t fulfill the requirements of currency as a value-storing asset, and hence cannot be referred to as currency due to their bad money markets.


A new breed of cryptocurrency assets called Stablecoins was developed to stabilize the value of cryptocurrencies.

What Are Stablecoins?

These coins were developed to tie the price of any unique cryptocurrency to an underlying stable asset, making them impervious to the unpredictable character of the cryptocurrencies. There are around 200 stablecoins, all of which were developed to establish market stability but with various support securities and market regulating techniques. The classification of these stablecoins is fiat-based, commodity-based, crypto-based, and algorithmic-based stablecoins that result from the assets backing them, which include currency, precious metals, energy, estate development, other cryptocurrencies, and analytics.

Therefore, it is essential that we know some major important points about stablecoins and it’s the effect on the cryptocurrency market.

  • They are cryptos that are s created to control the value of cryptocurrency per the currency market
  • They were created to create stability in the crypto algorithm
  • Were created to serve as coins that are less volatile to bring in a monetary value for cryptos.
  • Stablecoins stand and serve as security to the major volatile pairs e.g (BTC) Bitcoin.

Types Of Stablecoins

Stablecoins are placed in a position where they can solve the volatility issues of cryptocurrency. However, we need to understand that there are different types of stablecoins as they play various roles in the order being provided by the currency.

#1. Fiat-Based StableCoins:

These are also known as Fiat-based collateralized stablecoins. These coins are supported by actual money, such as American dollars(USD), British pounds (GBP), and Japanese yen (JPY). They became the first reliable coins to be released into circulation as well as the most basic.

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Stablecoins possess fiat-collaterals, as they keep the balance of the monetary system of currencies like the dollar, as security for the stablecoin’s stability. Other types of security can be assets like crude oil, and precious minerals (gold and silver).

However, a majority of fiat-collateralized stablecoins possess U.S. dollar assets. The category of stablecoins includes well-known coins like Tether (USDT), USD Coin (USDC), True (USD), and Paxos Standard. The above coins are normally stored in a bank because they are controlled by one centralized licensing institution, which makes them extremely regulated.

#2. Commodity-Based Stablecoins:

These are coins that are supported by tangible things like oil, gold, and property investment. Due to the erratic behavior of certain commodities, particularly gold, the owners of this type of coins run the possibility of losing the worth of their tokens. Whenever these commodities’ valuations increase, the market provides greater profits to individuals who retain these coins. Stablecoins based on commodities are Digix DAO, Gold Mint, and Ekon Gold.

Stablecoins that are gold-backed have a support ratio of 1:1 just like the fiat-based commodities, but the gold in these cases is represented in kilos. This indicates that 1 gram of gold backs up 1 unit of the stablecoin.

#3. Crypto-Based Stablecoin:

These stablecoin categories are supported mostly by locking up on-chain cryptocurrency assets. Users who want to acquire these coins must lock up existing cryptocurrencies to generate them. While receiving the desired amount, one must pay a larger quantity of security. The primary cause of this is the underlying crypto-significant asset’s instability, which serves as security. Therefore, in fiat-based stablecoins, a 1:1 ratio is needed for the backing, but this is impractical because it is conceivable for the worth of the underlying asset to decline significantly, under-collateralizing the asset and forcing its forced closure.

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An illustration would be if a user borrowed $99 worth of cryptocurrency with BTC as the principal amount and a 1:1 backing ratio was used, then BTC’s debt to the total asset by 25%. Due to this drop, there is a lack of BTC which leads to the user being unable to acquire the stablecoin. Mismanagement is the term used to describe this circumstance.

#4. Algorithm-Based Stablecoins:

These coins are the final group, and they don’t need any kind of security. Instead, they use the general revenue model to stabilize prices and balance the supply and demand of cryptocurrencies. The algorithm grows and shrinks to accommodate demand. When the price rises, it increases supply, and when the value drops, it decreases supply. These activities were carried out on-chain by smart contract code. Codes are completely exposed for scrutiny in this decentralized process. TerraUSD, Basis, Ampleforth, RAI, FEI, and FRAX are a few of the well-known algorithmic stablecoins. The governance structure, customer incentives, accuracy in preserving their values, and token adoption can all affect how effective algorithmic stablecoin are.

In addition, there are two subcategories of algorithmic stablecoins: single-token systems and multi-token systems. In contrast to the multi-token system, which splits the government token from the stablecoin to create two independent tokens. It shifts the variability of this stablecoin to the non-stable cryptocurrency. The single-token system only uses one token, the price of which is fixed at $1.

How Do Stablecoins Work?

A Stablecoin is supported by a variety of assets, such as other cryptocurrencies, mineral products, algorithmic operations, and fiat currency. But the source that backs a cryptocurrency might influence how risky it is. This is because it is connected to a centralized monetary sector with a central power that may intervene and regulate prices when values are unstable. A fiat-backed stablecoin, for example, maybe more stable. Stablecoins that aren’t connected to institutionalized financial institutions like a stablecoin supported by bitcoin.

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This may change significantly and rapidly because the thing the stablecoin is connected to isn’t under the jurisdiction of a governing organization.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are stablecoins?

Cryptocurrency aims to maintain a fairly steady price. It’s either by having its quantity controlled by an algorithm or by being anchored to a certain good or currency.

Is stablecoin cheap?

They are the cheapest and most affordable kind of coins that any class can afford. It grows with time and is safe as they serve as securities for the cryptocurrency market.

Is it necessary to buy a stablecoin?

Stablecoins are regarded as a very secure form of a solid investment. The top secure coins, according to leading economists, include Gemini Dollar, Pax, and Dai.

What stablecoin is the safest?

A well-known and valuable stablecoin by market valuation is Tether (USDT), however, it is hazardous. The most secure stablecoin in 2022 is projected to be the Dollar Coin (USDC).


Stablecoins have advanced considerably. After reading these summaries of stablecoin, one will see that there are many of them. However, each of them is made to address a particular need and appeal to a particular group of people and stockholders.

Additionally, research any stablecoin well before investing in it. These coins have indeed seen failures, with some initiatives having to shut down. Others are in debt, and still, others suffer from regulatory actions that hurt investors. The fact that this is an essential growing step and that a more stablecoin program is on the line offers some solace. In the face of the unstable cryptocurrency market, they have contributed to the world a largely secure shelter.

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